Coaxial Slot Antenna Design for Microwave Hyperthermia using Finite-Difference Time-Domain and Finite Element Method
Mario Francisco Jesús Cepeda Rubio1, Arturo Vera Hernánde *, 1, Lorenzo Leija Salas 1, E. Ávila-Navarro2, E.A. Navarro3
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2011
First Page: 2
Last Page: 9
Publisher Id: TONMJ-3-2
Article History:Received Date: 31/03/2010
Revision Received Date: 13/10/2010
Acceptance Date: 03/11/2010
Electronic publication date: 25/5/2011
Collection year: 2011
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Hyperthermia also called thermal therapy or thermotherapy is a type of cancer treatment in which body tissue is exposed to high temperatures. Research has shown that high temperatures can damage and kill cancer cells, usually with minimal injury to normal tissues. Otherwise, ablation or high temperature hyperthermia, including lasers and the use of radiofrequency, microwaves, and high-intensity focused ultrasound, are gaining attention as an alternative to standard surgical therapies. The electromagnetic microwave irradiation applied to the tumor tissue causes water molecules to vibrate and rotate, resulting in tissue heating and subsequently cell death via thermal-induced protein denaturation. The effectiveness of this technique is related to the temperature achieved during the therapy, as well as the length time of treatment and cell and tissue characteristics. Numerical electromagnetic and thermal simulations are used to optimize the antenna design and predict heating patterns. A computer modeling of a double slot antenna for interstitial hyperthermia was designed using two different numerical methods, the Finite Element Method and a Finite-Difference Time-Domain. The aim of this work is to analyze both numerical methods and finally experiments results are compared to the simulated results generated by a thermal model. Our results show that normalized SAR patterns using FEM and FDTD look broadly similar. Furthermore,the computed 60#x00B0;C isotherm using FEM and the measured lesion diameter in ex vivo tissue results agree very well.